Acne is a long-term skin disease that occurs when hair follicles are clogged with dead skin cells and oil from the skin. It appears as white heads, black heads and pimples on the skin and it usually happens during puberty, but can also occur in other life stages due to hormonal changes. If over-the-counter (non-prescription) products haven’t cleared up your acne, your doctor can prescribe stronger medications or other therapies.
A dermatologist can help you:
- Control your acne
- Avoid scarring or other damage to your skin
- Make scars less noticeable
Dermatological procedures available if medication has not helped, include:
- Light Therapy
A variety of light-based therapies have been tried with success. Light therapy targets the bacteria that cause acne inflammation as well as existing inflammation and swelling.
This treatment unclogs the pores by removing the top layer of dead skin cells with fine crystals being blasted onto the skin. This makes it harder for the skin to form blackheads and pimples.
A birthmark is a congenital, benign irregularity on the skin that is present at birth or appears shortly after birth, usually in the first month. Dermatologists divide birthmarks into two types:
- Pigmented birthmarks caused by excess skin pigment and cells include moles, café au lait spots and Mongolian spots.
- Vascular birthmarks, also called red birthmarks, are caused by increased blood vessels and include macular stains (salmon patches), hemangiomas and Port-wine stains. A little over 1 in 10 babies have a vascular birthmark present by age 1.
The exact cause of most birthmarks is unknown, but they are thought to occur as a result of a localised imbalance in factors controlling the development and migration of skin cells. In addition, it is known that vascular birthmarks are not hereditary.
Birthmarks can be removed through laser therapy.
Enlarged open pores on the face can make your skin look aged and unhealthy. They can also increase other skin care problems, such as acne and blackheads, especially for people with oily skin. Causes include age, sun exposure, genetics and excessive oil production.
Although proper cleansing, exfoliation and moisturising can help to reduce pore size, other dermatological procedures available include:
Hyperhidrosis is a condition characterised by excessive sweating. The sweating can affect just one specific area or the whole body. Although not life-threatening, it can be uncomfortable and cause embarrassment and psychological trauma. Hyperhydrosis tends to commence during adolescence and mostly affects the feet, hands, face and armpits.
Signs and symptoms of hyperhidrosis may include:
- Clammy or wet palms of the hands
- Clammy or wet soles of the feet
- Frequent sweating
- Noticeable sweating that soaks through clothing
Botulinum toxin injections may assist with controlling excessive sweating.
Want to get rid of those stubborn bulges for good? This non-invasive FDA approved treatment freezes fat cells in bulging areas, such as the lower abdomen, thighs, upper arms and bra and love handles, resulting in the removal of soft fat without injury to the surrounding tissues.
The Zeltiq CoolSculpting procedure is the world’s number one non-invasive fat reduction procedure.
Tired of shaving and waxing and want to remove unwanted hair?
This Cryogen Specific Hair Laser System is state-of-the-art laser technology for hair removal. The treatment targets the pigment in the hair and not the surrounding tissue, making it safe to use on almost all skin types.
Varicose veins are large, raised, swollen blood vessels that usually develop in the legs and can be seen through the skin.
Spider veins are smaller, red, purple, and blue vessels that can be easily visible through the skin, as well. They are typically visible on the legs and face.
A number of factors predispose a person to varicose veins and spider veins. These include:
- Occupations that involve a lot of standing, such as nurses, hair stylists, teachers, and factory workers
- Hormonal influences of pregnancy, puberty and menopause
- The use of birth control pills
- Postmenopausal hormonal replacement
- A history of blood clots
- Conditions that cause increased pressure in the abdomen, such as tumours, constipation and externally worn garments like girdles.
Other reported causes include trauma or injury to the skin, previous vein surgery and exposure to ultraviolet rays.
Sclerotherapy is a popular method of eliminating varicose veins and spider veins on the legs during which a solution, called a Sclerosing agent, is injected into the veins.
Uneven skin tone, such as brown patches on not only the face, but also on the hand, décolletage and shoulder areas are known as pigmentation. They are caused by sun exposure and specifically the UVA rays which penetrate deep into your skin and cause ageing.
Prevent future pigmentation and sun damage by wearing a UVA and UVB shielding sunscreen, feeding your face with topical antioxidants and avoiding prolonged periods of sun exposure.
Treatments available for treating pigmentation include:
Melasma, or hormonally induced pigmentation, are more solid areas of pigmentation, typically found on the forehead, around the eyes and upper lip. Treatment varies between non-invasive Microdermabrasion, combined with a prescription bleaching cream, and slightly invasive Fractional Thulium Laser.
Rosacea is a chronic, inflammatory skin condition that most often affects the face. Rosacea worsens with time if left untreated. It is often mistaken for acne, eczema, or a skin allergy. Many signs and symptoms are associated with Rosacea and it may include flushing, facial skin hyper-reactivity, persistent redness, pimples or pustules and inflamed blood vessels and facial swelling.
There is no clinical test for Rosacea. Your doctor reaches a diagnosis after examining your skin and asking about symptoms and triggers. The presence of enlarged blood vessels will help the physician distinguish it from other skin disorders. Early diagnosis and subsequent prompt treatment significantly reduces the risk of Rosacea’s progression.
For patients with visible blood vessels the treatment of choice is pulsed-dye laser. Chronic inflammation is greatly improved with Photofacial treatments.
Rosacea can also be treated with a pulsed-light treatment, called Lumecca.
For some, scars can be great storytellers and conversation starters, but for many scars are unsightly and sometimes even embarrassing.
Scars are areas of fibrous tissue (fibrosis) that replace normal skin after injury.
A scar results from the biological process of wound repair in the skin and other tissues of the body.
Thus, scarring is a natural part of the healing process.
With the exception of very minor lesions, every wound results in some degree of scarring.
We treat scars in the following ways:
Laser skin rejuvenation is a non-invasive treatment designed to remove skin blemishes and stimulate increased production of collagen, which works to improve the overall appearance of the skin.
Facial treatments are naturally the most sought after laser skin rejuvenation treatments. This is because the appearance of our facial skin has a great impact on how attractive we look. Smooth, wrinkle-free facial skin makes us look young and healthy.
Skin rejuvenation can include targeting:
- Fine lines around the eyes (or beneath them); wrinkles on the forehead or around the mouth; scars in general; and facial acne scars in particular
- Sun damage
- Enlarged pores (mainly on and around the nose)
- Liver spots (which tend to appear with old age)
- Yellowish or greyish skin tones (also typical to ageing skin)
- Rejuvenating non-responsive skin which is the result of a facelift
- Skin lesions which are caused by Rosacea, hyperpigmentation (which may be the result of overexposure to the sun), vascular lesions and more.
What makes a person’s face look younger or older involves a number of variables, from skin texture, tone and colour to wrinkles, loss of volume and sagging. Sagging happens because collagen, the structural support of your skin, diminishes over time. Collagen loss also contributes mightily toward volume loss and wrinkle formation.
Stretchmarks occur during pregnancy, puberty or a period of rapid weight gain when your body grows faster than your skin can keep up with. This causes the elastic fibres just under the surface of the skin to break, resulting in stretch marks. Pregnancy can leave you with stretchmarks on your belly and breasts, the two areas that grow the most. Stretchmarks can also show up on the thighs, buttocks and upper arms. The marks often start out reddish or purple, but gradually fade to white or grey.
It feels good to spend time in the sunshine, but it can take a toll on your skin and even if you are meticulous about sun protection, you could still have plenty of sun damage left over from your youth. Unfortunately, sun damage isn’t only skin-deep. UV radiation alters the actual DNA of your skin cells, causing lines, wrinkles, discoloration, and even cancer. Research shows that UV exposure is the reason behind 80% of your skin’s ageing.
Sun damage can be treated with:
A large number of men and women suffer from disorders of the blood vessels (vascular lesions). These can be of various types, from small spider veins or broken veins to large Port Wine Stains. Some lesions are present from birth, while others develop with age, or as the result of environmental damage (such as sun exposure).
The treatment of choice is our Pulsed-dye laser technology.
Warts are raised bumps on your skin caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV). Each type appears on a different part of the body and has a distinct appearance.
You should see your doctor if:
- you have warts on your face or another sensitive part of your body (e.g., genitals, mouth, nostrils)
- you notice bleeding or signs of infection, such as pus or scabbing, around a wart
- the wart is painful
- the colour of the wart changes
- you have warts and diabetes or an immune deficiency, such as HIV/AIDS
Instead of burning off or cutting out a wart, we target the wart’s blood supply with our Pulsed-dye laser, resulting in the “suffocation” of the virus.