Uneven skin tone, such as brown patches on not only the face, but also on the hand, décolletage and shoulder areas are known as pigmentation. They are caused by sun exposure and specifically the UVA rays which penetrate deep into your skin and cause ageing.
Prevent future pigmentation and sun damage by wearing a UVA and UVB shielding sunscreen, feeding your face with topical antioxidants and avoiding prolonged periods of sun exposure.
Treatments available for treating pigmentation include:
- Fractional Thulium Laser
- Photodynamic Therapy
Melasma, or hormonally induced pigmentation, are more solid areas of pigmentation, typically found on the forehead, around the eyes and upper lip. Treatment varies between non-invasive Microdermabrasion, combined with a prescription bleaching cream, and slightly invasive Fractional Thulium Laser.